Writers the world over spend their days converting scientific jargon into prose that most anyone can understand. They do so because the results of scientific efforts are interesting to a wide range of people – they want to know what’s going on. Unfortunately, many people who might be interested in learning of such work, might not be able to make sense of what is presented in a scientific journal (or gain access to it without paying for it), due to the word choices used by their authors. To make the science more easily understood, such writers must use less jargon and more easily relatable analogies. Some might wonder why scientists and academics don’t simply write their papers in ways that everyone can understand in the first place – the answer is that to do so would lengthen the paper to the extent that it would become unwieldy and it would take far longer to write, taking more time that would be better spent doing research.The Up-Goer Five editor challenges such thinking, however, by causing those who use it to think about what they wish to convey in ways they likely never thought of before. It forces expression to come from a word driven approach, to one that is idea driven, which, when put down in words, often sounds like the way ideas are expressed to children. That’s not coincidental – children have a very limited perspective and background, so new information has to be given in a context that they are capable of understanding, and that generally means using a reasonably small vocabulary.The Up-Goer Five text editor isn’t likely to change the ways of the world, of course, but it might just offer some people an opportunity to consider how they express themselves in a more profound way, and to perhaps cause them to gain some insight into how they communicate with others in general. © 2013 Phys.org (Phys.org)—Geneticist Theo Sanderson has written a simple text editor that allows a writer to use only words from a list of the 1000 (“ten hundred” since “thousand” isn’t on the list) most commonly used words in the English language, to describe things. He calls it the Up-Goer Five Text Editor, in honor of a comic created by xkcd, to describe a Saturn V rocket, using only the most common 1000 words in the English language. Sanderson has made the editor available online for free, which intrigued bloggers, Chris Rowan and Anne Jefferson to the extent that they’ve set up a Tumblr blogger page called “Ten Hundred Words of Science,” where they display the results of a challenge they’ve issued to scientists to describe what they do for a living using Sanderson’s text editor. The results are thought provoking, interesting and quite often humorous. Texting affects ability to interpret words This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Someone describes parliamentary democracy. Credit: upgoer5 Citation: ‘Up-Goer Five’ text editor restricts writers to 1000 most commonly used words (2013, February 1) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-02-up-goer-text-editor-restricts-writers.html Explore further
Citation: New grazing transiting ‘hot Jupiter’ detected by the Qatar Exoplanet Survey (2017, December 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-12-grazing-transiting-hot-jupiter-qatar.html Astronomers discover three ‘Qatar’ exoplanets The discovery light curve for Qatar-6b phase folded with the BLS estimated period, as it appears in the QES archive. Credit: Alsubai et al., 2017. Explore further Although astronomers have found hundreds of exoplanets, only a handful of grazing alien worlds—meaning planets that partially transit the host-star’s disc—have been detected so far. Such planets are important for researchers, as they offer a great opportunity to find additional bodies orbiting their host stars. This is because other as-yet undetected objects would perturb the grazing planet’s orbit and could potentially induce periodic variations of the transit impact parameter, leading to transit duration variations.Now, a team of astronomers, led by Khalid Alsubai of the Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute (QEERI) in Doha, Qatar, reports the finding of a new addition to the short list of planets in a grazing transit configuration. They discovered Qatar-6b as part of the QES survey, which utilizes the New Mexico Skies Observatory located at Mayhill, New Mexico. “In this paper, we present the discovery of Qatar-6b, a newly found hot Jupiter on a grazing transit,” the researchers wrote in the paper.According to the study, Qatar-6b has a radius about 6 percent larger than Jupiter and a mass of approximately 0.67 Jupiter masses, which indicates a density of 0.68 g/cm3. The exoplanet orbits its parent star every 3.5 days at a distance of about 0.04 AU from the host. Due to the proximity of this planet to the star, astronomers estimate that it has an equilibrium temperature of 1,006 K.The parameters suggest that Qatar-6b belongs to group of planets known as “hot Jupiters.” These exoworlds are similar in characteristics to the solar system’s biggest planet, with orbital periods of less than 10 days. They have high surface temperatures, as they orbit their host stars very closely.The host, designated Qatar-6 (also known as TYC 1484-434-1 or 2MASS J14485047+2209093), is a high proper motion star of spectral type close to K2V, located some 330 light years away from the Earth. It has a radius of about 0.72 solar radii and is approximately 18 percent less massive than the sun. The study reveals that the star is about 1 billion years old, and has an effective temperature of 5,052 K.Given that Qatar-6b is a grazing exoplanet, is an excellent target for future observational campaign aiming to find additional bodies in this planetary system. These observations, utilizing large ground-based facilities or space telescope, should be focused on detecting variations in the transit impact parameter and duration.”These would require high cadence and high photometric accuracy observations that could be achieved with large ground based telescopes and/or space based facilities,” Alsubai’s team concluded. More information: Qatar Exoplanet Survey: Qatar-6b—a grazing transiting hot Jupiter, arXiv:1712.03216 [astro-ph.SR] arxiv.org/abs/1712.03216AbstractWe report the discovery of Qatar-6b, a new transiting planet identified by the Qatar Exoplanet Survey (QES). The planet orbits a relatively bright (V=11.44), early-K main-sequence star at an orbital period of P~3.506 days. An SED fit to available multi-band photometry, ranging from the near-UV to the mid-IR, yields a distance of d = 101 +/- 6 pc to the system. From a global fit to follow-up photometric and spectroscopic observations, we calculate the mass and radius of the planet to be Mp = 0.67 +/- 0.07 Mjup and Rp = 1.06 +/- 0.07 Rjup, respectively. We use multi-color photometric light curves to show that the transit is grazing, making Qatar-6b one of the few exoplanets known in a grazing transit configuration. It adds to the short list of targets that offer the best opportunity to look for additional bodies in the host planetary system through variations in the transit impact factor and duration. © 2017 Phys.org (Phys.org)—An international group of astronomers has found a new grazing transiting “hot Jupiter” alien world as part of the Qatar Exoplanet Survey (QES). The newly discovered extrasolar planet, designated Qatar-6b, is about the size of Jupiter, but less massive than our solar system’s gas giant. The finding is reported in a paper published December 8 on arXiv.org. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Kolkata: The Regional Meteorological Centre at Alipore has predicted a heat wave warning for the city and some of the South Bengal districts for the next 48 hours.The traditional hot belt of Bankura, Purulia and some parts of Burdwan are likely to see a further rise in temperature, the weather office said. The discomfort level may prevail over the next two days.A weather expert said scorching westerly winds from the Northern states are bringing the heat wave conditions into the state. The impact of the westerly winds is so high that the monsoon currents have been stalled. Kolkata has not recorded such warm days during this part of the year even after the onset of monsoon. This is considered to be a significant change in the usual weather pattern of the region, an official of the MeT department said. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe scorching westerly winds are blowing from these regions because the rains are yet to reach there. Due to the monsoon currents getting stalled, the condition remains dry. According to the weather office, the temperature in some of the South Bengal districts will hover around 40 degree Celsius. The relative humidity will also remain over 80 percent, a weather official said.The weather office also mentioned that due to weak monsoon flow and prevailing strong west to north-westerly winds in low levels, moderate heat wave condition is likely to prevail over the districts of South Bengal including Kolkata for the next two days. However, there is a forecast of rain in the North Bengal districts. Doctors have advised adequate consumption of water and asked people not to go out in the sun without adequate protection.
With the objective of distressing inmates lodged in Central jail No.5, Tihar, a mega classical music show Morning Raga was organised in association with the Legends of India, a nonprofit organisation promoting Indian Arts and Culture on May 3. Sitar Maestro Pandit Subhendra Rao (disciple of Bharat Ratna Pandit Ravishankar ji) and Vidhushi Saskia Rao, cello player (disciple of Pandit Hari Prasad
Shedding emotional tears, an ability only humans are bestowed with, can improve mood over time, new research suggests. “Yes, a good cry indeed might go a long way to
Kolkata: The Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) will develop infrastructure of its two existing dog pounds located at Dhapa and Entally so that they are capable of sterilising 1,000 animals on a daily basis. The decision comes in the wake of increasing dog population in the city.”We will be having five floors at these pounds. The operation will be carried out on the ground floor which has OT facilities. The rest of the floors will be utilised so that the animals can rest after the operation. They will be in the pound for seven to 10 days and then they will be dropped at the same place from where they have been picked up. We will also recruit around 30 contractual veterinary doctors for this purpose,” Mayor Firhad Hakim said on Thursday. Also Read – 3 injured, flight, train services hit as rains lash BengalThe sterilisation and vaccination of dogs have assumed significance after a section of the people have raised concern over their rising population. 16 puppies were allegedly beaten to death at NRS Hospital recently. The Mayor held a meeting with Director General (Civil) and Director General (Health) on Wednesday and gave necessary instructions to fast track the process of facelift of its two existing dog pounds. “The dog population in the city is presently 1.5 lakh and it is an area of grave concern for the state government,” Hakim added. He added that the Detailed Project Report (DPR) has already been prepared and it will take another two to three months for developing the infrastructure. A senior official of the KMC’s Health department said presently only 25 dogs can be sterilised in a day. Hakim assured that funds will not be a constraint for the exercise and maintained that the state government has already allocated Rs 3 crore for it.
Fragrance can be extremely evocative, conjuring vivid memories and feelings from a specific time of life. From the scent that accompanied you through your teenage years and first love, to the perfume that gave you the confidence on the first day of a dream new job, it provides the most personal flourish to your beauty routine. Choosing a signature scent, however, can take time, especially if you’re trying to find one that’s completely unique to you. If you’re struggling to find a fragrance that hits your sweet spot, you may want to consider layering two or three together to create a truly bespoke result. There are no wrong or right combinations when layering fragrances. At the end, the final scent created by you, should appeal to your sense and persona, say experts. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfHere are some tips to keep in mind while layering scents:4Layering scents or mixing scents, doesn’t necessarily mean applying two or multiple perfumes on top of each other immediately. Layering starts as soon as you apply a scented shower gel or a soap. Then comes your body lotion and finally the perfume. So, if you are already following this routine, you are on your way to master the art of layering scents.4When it comes to layering scents, the thumb rule is that heavier scents should be sprayed first so they don’t overpower their lighter counterparts. Wear the heavier scent first, let it settle on you and then apply the lighter scent. Woody fragrances are heavy. Avoid mixing two scents which are heavy. Choose one or more lighter fragrances to mix, such that your final scent isn’t very intense. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive4To create a bespoke single base perfume, you should stick to perfumes from similar fragrance families such as floral, woody, citrus, oriental etc. Understand the perfume families– the scent is floral, citrusy or woody. Once you know this, layer your perfume with similar smelling scents. If your perfume has a woody aroma or citrussy aroma, you should match it with other products such as shower gel, bathing oil, after shave etc. which have similar scents. This process will help you create a unique fragrance of your own. 4If you want to experiment, you should mix different perfumes together and forming your own exclusive scent. Creativity is the most crucial aspect of layering. Rose, vanilla or freesia are the easiest notes which can be mixed with any base. If you want to create a strong bespoke perfume, mix a heavy woody perfume with a light vanilla-based perfume for a sun downer with friends or a spray an oriental based perfume and finish it with a rose scent for a date night.4Choosing different notes and mixing fragrances from different families helps in creating new fragrances with contrasts. 4There’s a misconception that one can only mix eau de toilettes with eau de toilettes and the likes of it. It is totally fine to mix and match EDTs, EDPs and body sprays. 4If you want your fragrance to last longer, dab almond oil on your skin, then layer those fragrances on top of it. 4Layering is all about the art of creativity and you can master this by experimenting a couple of times. At the end of the day, you are the creator of your perfume and layering should be an extension of your personality.
Amid much fervor and gaiety, Union Minister of State (I/C) for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) Giriraj Singh launched Western and Ethnic Designer Wear collections at Khadi Bhawan at Connaught Place here on Monday.In his inaugural address, the minister said that from the proverbial ‘Dadaji-Netaji fabric’, Khadi had come a long way in the recent past, after Prime Minister’s clarion call to make this signature fabric of India a mode to have ‘economic transformation’ in the country. “To me, the launch of exclusive western and ethnic wear collections is like the fusion of Indian fabric and fashion trends across the globe. No wonder, in the coming days Khadi will become the global fabric,” he added. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfPraising Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) for its rocketing growth in sales as well as annual turnover in the last four years, Singh further said that the growth of Khadi had become a matter of surprise for many business majors across the nation. “KVIC is really giving a real shape to the dreams of Prime Minister as it is the biggest job-provider in the nation,” he said.Earlier, KVIC Chairman Vinai Kumar Saxena, in his welcome address, said that Khadi had created some sort of ethical competition in the apparel and fabric world. “As made of natural fiber, Khadi has zero-carbon footprint and is hand-spun and hand-woven – it always catches the eyes of both designers and customers. In the last four years, the craze of Khadi – especially among youths – has multiplied. And, to cater the need of such a large fanfare of Khadi, we are always trying to make it trendy,” he said. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe brand aims to revive the age-old specialty and generate employment for Indian weavers by making Khadi central to their trade. Also, the exquisite fabrics are accented with embroidered embellishments and floral motifs to perfect the look and to match it according to the demands of youngsters.Among others, who were present on this occasion, were MSME Secretary Arun Kumar Panda and KVIC members Dr Hina Shafi Bhat and J P Tomar.KVIC members Dr. Hina Shafi Bhat talked about how Khadi’s acceptability and susceptibility are important at the global platform. “The diversification has been done to connect youth to our roots. Indian artisans and their art will go directly to the international market, which would help us further. KVIC is really giving a real shape to the dreams of Prime Minister,” she said.KVIC has joined hands with 38-40 other countries to give Indian cotton products and farmers a platform.
Kolkata: A businessman mysteriously fell from a high-rise residential apartment and died on Friday morning in Haridevpur. After approximately an hour an elderly person also died in the same manner in Thakurpukur.According to sources, on Friday morning, around 7:40 am, security guards of tower IV in Diamond City South Apartment, heard sound of a heavy object falling on the ground floor. When they ran to look for the source of the sound, they found a resident of the building Pramod Jalan (54) was lying in a pool of blood. He was rushed to M R Bangur Hospital where doctors declared him brought dead. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataJalan, a businessman by profession, used to live on the 8th floor of the 16-storied building. He ran a business of ayurvedic products in New Market. During preliminary investigation the police came to know that his wife became paralysed approximately one-and-a-half-year ago after she met with a road accident. Since then she was bedridden. After a few days of the accident, Jalan became depressed to see his wife in such a condition. According to police, this could be a case of accident or suicide. But, it is not yet confirmed whether Jalan jumped from the balcony or accidentally fell down. Police are facing difficulties to probe the case as the CCTV camera of the said tower is out of order for more than a year. Investigators are questioning his family members in order to find clues. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateOn the other hand, an elderly person fell down from the top floor of a five-storied residential apartment at Dakshin Behala Road in Thakurpukur. The person identified as Nagen Chandra Bhawal (92) was found lying in a pool of blood around 8:40 am on Friday. He was rushed to Vidyasagar State General Hospital where doctors declared him brought dead. Police are probing to find whether he jumped from the top floor and committed suicide or accidentally fell down. In another incident, a woman identified as Maya Dutta (57) was found hanging from ceiling on Thursday night at Bijoygarh in Jadavpur. Her husband Pijush Kanti Dutta went to market around 7 pm. He came back around 8:50 pm and found the door was closed but not locked. After getting inside the room he found Maya hanging. Police came to know that she has been suffering from several diseases since long time and was in depression.
Early this year, fashion magazines were oohing and aahing over the latest revived trend in footwear and how to wear it this fall season: thigh-high boots. But what no one was expecting in 2018 was the arrival on the scene of a skeleton, 500 years old, wearing thigh-high leather footwear.Archaeologists found the man’s skeleton face down in the mud under London’s River Thames, downstream from the Tower of London. He had apparently been buried there for centuries.Photo of excavation by MOLA Headland InfrastructureThe New York Times reported, “Perhaps most intriguing, what remained of his legs was discovered in a pair of thigh-high leather boots — unusual even for his time. Specialists say the man could have been a fisherman or a mudlark — a scavenger who hunted for objects of value by the river.”The discovery was linked to sewers. The skeleton was found at Tideway’s Chambers Wharf site in Bermondsey, where work is currently underway to build the Thames Tideway Tunnel to stop sewage pollution in the River Thames.Related Video: Divers Stumble upon 2,00 ‘Priceless’ Gold CoinsIn a statement, the scientists said, “The river was a hazardous place even in the late 15th century, so perhaps his occupation was the cause of his death and the reason he came to be discovered. Could he have been a fisherman, a mudlark or perhaps a sailor? Was he climbing the Bermondsey Wall when he fell into the water? Did he become trapped in the mud and drown?”Photo of discovered boots by MOLA Headland Infrastructure“The discovery has sparked an investigation by a team of our archaeological and osteological experts who are unraveling the mystery of the booted man in the mud. So what does the evidence tell us?”First of all, the specialists studying the boots believe they date to the late 15th or early 16th century. Leather was expensive and often re-used at this time and experts “believe it is unlikely that someone would have been buried wearing such a highly-prized item. The boots would have reached thigh height when fully extended, therefore would have been ideal for walking out into the river and through the sticky Thames mud, so were perhaps waders.”The boots were definitely built to last. Conservators revealed that they were reinforced with extra soles and stuffed with an unidentified material (possibly moss) perhaps to make them warmer or improve the fit.Photo of discovered skeleton, by MOLA Headland InfrastructureThis research suggests the person wasn’t buried deliberately and the clues also indicate the owner may have made his living from the river, which could well have led to his untimely demise.Scientists believe that while it is not unusual to find burials on the foreshore, “the booted man’s position was unusual: face-down, with one arm above his head with the other bent back on itself to the side. These clues could suggest that he fell or drowned and was covered quickly by the ground as it moved with the tide.” Experts have not identified evidence of any injuries at the time of death.However, there are clues about how he might have made his living, evidence of the damage to his physical health from the extreme physical demands of his work on his body, “and why he might have ended up in the silty deposits of the River Thames where he lay undisturbed for more than 500 years.”Photo by MOLA Headland InfrastructureExperts believe it’s possible he was under the age of 35 at the time of death. By then he had already led an active life, which left its mark on his skeleton. “His daily life wouldn’t have been comfortable – he would have felt pain and discomfort from osteoarthritis. Possibly the biggest clues about his life are deep grooves found on his teeth.Read another story from us: Hidden Crusader-Era Gold Coins Discovered in Historic Port City of CaesareaThey were caused by a repetitive action like passing rope between his teeth as a fisherman might – which may also suggest that he made his living from the river.” The Thames is regarded as London’s longest archaeological site, and the river muck has historically turned up a lot of discoveries.Nancy Bilyeau, a former staff editor at Entertainment Weekly, Rolling Stone, and InStyle, has written a trilogy of Tudor-era thrillers for Touchstone Books. Her new book, The Blue, is a spy story set in the 18th century. For more information, go to www.nancybilyeau.com