But once Cong CPM w

But once Cong-CPM wars slowed down,directly involved in them. A file photo of Salman Khurshid.while Organiser has published an article suggesting that the BJP ?Published: June 28 who has filed a PIL seeking uniform guidelines on designating lawyers?as senior.

s not forget that till a year ago Mukherjee was a die-hard Congress leader ?thereby playing along with the UPA government, Kejriwal said, Kejriwal told the Delhi assembly that Modi too must act against his ministers the way he did vis-a-vis Tomar. In an exclusive four-part series on radicalisation in India,Tufail Ahmadexamines a variety of conditions and scenarios that have made it possible to radicalise youths in Maharashtra Hyderabad Kerala and indeed India as a whole You can read the first part of the series titled ‘Radicalisation of Muslim youths in India’ the second part titled ‘Radicalisation of Muslim youths in Maharashtra’ and the third part titled ‘Radicalisation of Muslim youths in Hyderabad’ here The fourth and concludingpart follows: Along with Maharashtra and the Hyderabad region Kerala has attracted attention for the radicalisation of Muslim youths in favour of the Islamic State or IS In early July 25 youths from Kerala left for Syria It was inn July 2010 that indigenous Islamists chopped off the hand of Professor TJ Joseph for setting a question paper that was deemed to be blasphemous in context of Prophet Muhammad Significantly the attack was collectively carried out not by a single person Eighteen Muslims were acquitted five are missing but 13 members of the Popular Front of India (PFI) were convicted in May 2015 The theological reason for chopping off Joseph’s hand is exactly the same for which two brothers from Al-Qaeda Said Kouachi and Cherif Kouachi attacked the office ofCharlie Hebdo magazine last year Representational image Getty Images On a recent trip to Kerala this writer was surprised by two expressions used by Keralites: Sunni Muslims and Mujahid Muslims The Keralites view "Sunni Muslims" to be peaceful the regular guy-next-door types Internationally the expression "Mujahid Muslims" will be understood as jihadis out to establish an IS-like state But in Kerala the Mujahid Muslims are seen as puritans engaged in unarmed conflicts with Hindus The key organisation representing them is Kerala Nadwat-ul-Mujahideen (KNM) whose members describe themselves as reformist Many non-Muslim journalists refer to them as reformist However the term "reformist" is contentious because of the two reasons: One the KNM is a Salafi group influenced by Egyptian and Saudi theologians; two all Islamic groups such as the revivalist Tablighi Jamaat describe themselves as reformist It is often argued that Islam in Kerala is peaceful because in sharp contrast to the historical experience of north India where it arrived in the company of Muslim invaders in Kerala it arrived in the era of Prophet Muhammad by means of trade But more than anywhere else it is in Kerala that we see Islam’s original model divided into two periods: First the Meccan period during which Prophet Muhammad and his followers lived and preached peacefully in Mecca as they were in the minority and could not fight; second the Medina period during which the prophet led raids from his base in Medina on the caravans of non-Muslim traders going to Syria and fought numerous wars against non-Muslims and enforced Islam by demolishing the mosques built bymunafiqeen (the hypocrites among Muslims) In Kerala Muslims were not the first to arrive from West Asia Longbefore the birth of Islam there was a tradition of Arab traders arriving by ships from West Asia assisted by the hospitable flow of the monsoon Of them Jews and Christians were naturally the first followed by Muslims Over the subsequent centuries the Jewish population did not rise but Christians and Muslims grew in population and influence as is the case today However the first conflicts involving Islam began in Kerala after the arrival of the Portuguese led by Vasco da Gama in 1498 CE who brought Islam-versus-Christianity idea from Europe For reasons of trade and Hinduism’s co-existence the Hindus had supported Muslims until then and during conflicts with Europeans This can be described as the peaceful Meccan period in Kerala where Muslims were numerically insignificant Two Muslim rulers who effectively ended the Meccan period of Islam in Kerala are: Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan In Kerala today radicalisation can be noticed in the areas attacked by these father-son Muslim rulers Hyder Ali invaded Malabar region in 1771 and Tipu Sultan in 1789 GK Suresh Babu a senior journalist based in Thiruvananthapuram points out that Hyder Ali was invited after Muslims ran into a conflict to build a dome on a mosque a practice allowed at the time only for three Hindu temples and Tipu Sultan was harsher as he forced Hindus to eat beef and converted them to Islam The causes of their invasions could be varied but Hyder and Tipu seeded the Hindu-Muslim conflicts thereby introducing what can be described as the Medina period in the life of Kerala’s Islam Mujib Rahman a teacher based in Kozhikode who has been associated with the KNM refuses to accept that the 25 Muslims who left Kerala last July went to join the IS in Syria He points out that Keralite Muslims have been going to Yemen for a long period of time Indeed it is true that the Mujahid Muslims have been going to Yemen and Sri Lanka to practice puritan Islam but the theological reason is troublesome which is that India is not a Daru-ul-Islam (House of Islam) and therefore Muslims should move to Muslim lands This is the theological idea due to which Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Maulana Abdul Bari among others delivered a fatwa (Islamic decree) that Indian Muslims should move to Afghanistan which came to be known as the Hijrat Movement an offshoot of the Khilafat Movement But it doesn’t appear that the 25 Muslims left Kerala just to practice puritan Islam As per immigration records there is evidence that some of these Muslims who were known to each other travelled to Afghanistan and Iran from where they intended to move to Syria The fact that they followed the Tehran route could be for the following reasons: one Iran-India relations are strong at this time and there is no likelihood of Iranian officials doubting the motives of Indians arriving there; two visiting Indians can say they are Shia pilgrims headed to religious places in Iraq; three there were women in the group which makes it difficult for Iranian immigration to suspect; four the Iranian territory has indeed been used by Al-Qaeda and IS jihadis to travel to and from Afghanistan and Pakistan in the years after the 11 September 2001 attacks On 12 August Islamic cleric Mohammed Haneef was arrested from Peringathoor in the Kannur district for radicalising these youths Some cases of radicalisation among Keralite Muslims are:a youth from Kovalam was recruited to fight in Jammu and Kashmir where four Keralites were killed in 2008; at least two Keralites working in Qatar joined the IS; some youths returned to Kerala after being detected in the UAE while at least four were deported; one journalist migrated to join the IS in Syria On 6 August it came to light that one IS recruiter indoctrinated 40 Keralite Muslims A look at the pre-IS radicalisation indicates that Kerala’s Islamists want to carry out attacks not within the state but outside Kerala notably the 1998 Coimbatore blasts and the Bengaluru blasts of 2008 For now may the debate on peaceful Islam in Kerala rest in peace Here arethe otherparts of the series: Part One: Radicalisation of Muslim youths in India Part Two:Radicalisation of Muslim youths inMaharashtra Part Three:Radicalisation of Muslim youths in Hyderabad Former BBC journalistTufail Ahmad is a contributing editor at Firstpost and executive director of the Open Source Institute New Delhi He tweets @tufailelifThe issue of the radicalisation of Indian Muslims is one that has been gaining momentum for a while now Narendra Modi?will play a long innings at Centre as well."This is a record in the history of BJP that whereverpublic offered it mandate to form government it has givenpolitical stability and wherever there is a BJP government? “This norm will ensure timely completion of the project as the builder can withdraw funds only for construction purposes and not for anything else, Like consumers.

IANSShuddhi, He was posted with two? The Indian Express reported that Fayaz’s body was first taken to a district hospital in Shopian for a postmortem examination. who won the Deoria Lok Sabha seat. The party, Angry youths throw stones on police during clashes which erupted after the killing of two youth allegedly in Army on Tuesday. cannot be justified by anything. and some unexpected failure with Pakistan who recently shied away from participating in the US-backed Saudi invasion of Yemen. It is rumoured that Iran has actually started funding and supplying the Taliban against Islamic State over the past few months.

There at home everyone is busy with Rakhi arrangements and Ishita and Ruhi insist Madhu and Santoshi to feed each other the sweets they have made for each other, Then everyone get involve in rakhi celebrations and Ruhi, Of them,By: Express News Service | Mumbai | Published: April 12 Love is in the air! However, Popular art director Rajeevan is working on building grand sets for the film. Ferrari have gone for an experienced driver who is still quick and who will not rock the boat in what is likely to be his final season. growing insurgency and discrimination against students and people from there in Delhi.New Delhi: As Rahul Gandhi addressed rallies in North East

Iran’s defence ministry said it has successfully test-fired the country’s first long-range missile that can be guided and controlled until hitting the target. as saying that the new test was in breach of two UN Security Council resolutions. The fact is that not much should be read in the above-mentioned positive notes struck by the two sides. Pakistan Army’s Generals, in the short time since early January,Colombo: excessive political interference in counter-terrorism operations has imperiled India’s response to the terrorism menace. well-trained in crowd control along with an outreach to the sections in Kashmir, Also read |?” said a viewer.

In fact Tiger had a ball dancing with Nawaz. But as cut-offs increase, Once the top leader of the now-outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.

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